Samuel Huntington talk about a new post-Cold War world order.
Huntington’s main thesis argues, “The most important distinctions among peoples are [no longer] ideological, political, or economic. They are cultural”
However, Huntington argues that as modernization increases cross-cultural communication, the similarities among cultures increase.
“Asian societies are increasingly able to resist pressure from the Western countries”
Huntington’s text addresses the structure of global politics in the post-Cold War world.
His central argument is that culture and cultural identity shape the patterns of conflict in the post-Cold War world.
With the end of the Cold War, countries stopped identifying themselves with ideologies.
Now they began to emphasize their cultural identities to identify themselves
In general, similar cultures cooperate with each other when it comes to international policy. Of course, this also means that different cultures may conflict.
He argued that after the end of the Cold-War the next battles will be between the Western civilization and the Islamic world.
Huntington’s analysis also shows that globalization interacts with civilizations more and results in higher tensions.
- Hypothesis: the fundamental source of conflict in the new world will not be primarily ideological or economic.
- The great divisions source of conflict will be cultural.
- -The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics.
- -A civilization is a cultural entity.
- The world is becoming a smaller place with spread of communication